Cities in WALES
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In 1536, the Act of Union made English the official official language, and with it the dominant language. The language has been preserved thanks to Bishop William Morgan's literary Bible translation into Welsh (16th century). Welsh has been equated with English as an official language since 1967, and is spoken by about 20% of the population, mainly concentrated in the rural areas of the northwest, where about 60% of the population still speak Welsh. In the southwest, 44% of the population still speaks Welsh, in the border region of the north and mid-20%, in the Swansea region and in the Valleys between 6.5 and 15% and in the southern Wye basin and Usk only 2.4%.
However, more and more primary and secondary schools are bilingual. Mastery of Welsh is increasingly seen as a precondition for obtaining good employment, and there has been some stabilization over the past ten to fifteen years.
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Celtic Welsh or "Cymreag" is one of the oldest living languages ??in Europe, along with Irish and Scottish Gaelic. Although it belongs to the Indo-Germanic languages, there is little relationship with English and Dutch, much more with Breton. The pronunciation is also completely different, partly due to the use of many consonants in a row. It is also confusing that many sounds have a different script than our usual script, for example "ll" is pronounced "gl". Welsh has no j, k, q, v, x and z. The stress always falls on the penultimate syllable.
One of the longest place names in the world is:
("the Church of St. Mary in the White Hazel Valley, close to the rapid vortex of the Red Cave of St. Tysilio": abbreviated to Llanfair P.G. ")
Some Welsh words:
Good morning = bore da
Many cities and villages also have both an English and a Welsh name:
Cardiff = Caerdydd
Beeftink, A. / Zuid-Engeland en Wales
Berkien, G. / Wales
Berkien, G. / Wales
Danse, W. / Midden-Engeland en Wales
Fröhlich, D. / Wales
Hendriksen, B. / Wales
Hestler, A. / Wales
King, J. / Wales
Westphal, U. / Wales
CIA - World Factbook
BBC - Country ProfilesLast updated July 2020
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