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The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland is made up of four countries; England, Wales, Scotland and Northern Ireland. Landenweb has chosen to deal with each individual country.

Map Official English language in the Worldphoto:Eddo Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 3.0 Unported no changes made

The English language belongs to the Germanic languages, a large group within the Indogerman language family, to which almost all languages of Europe belong. Within the Germanic languages one can distinguish three subgroups: the Northern (including Norwegian, Danish and Swedish), the Continental (including German and Dutch) and the Western, to which English belongs. Read more about the Language of England

Traffic Sign in Wels and EnglishPhoto:Still ePsiLoN Attribution 2.0 Generic (CC BY 2.0) no changes made

Welsh has been equated with English as an official language since 1967, and is spoken by about 20% of the population, mainly concentrated in the rural areas of the northwest, where about 60% of the population still speak Welsh. One of the longest place names in the world is:


Read more about the Language of Wales

A bilingual street sign in Northern IrelandPhoto:Nogger at English Wikipedia Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 3.0 Unported no changes made

English is the main language in Northern Ireland. After all, most inhabitants are descendants of English and Scottish settlers who colonized Northern Ireland in previous centuries. The English spoken here has a typical local accent. Gaelic (Irish) is still spoken here and there by the Catholic people, although the many Gaelic place names in Northern Ireland suggest otherwise. Read more about the Language of Northern Ireland

Gaelic RBS LogoPhoto:Chandres Creative Commons-licentie Naamsvermelding-Gelijk delen 3.0 Unportedno changes

The official language is dominated by its own form of Standard English, also known as Standard Scots. Nevertheless, Scotland historically belongs to four language spheres. Read more about the Language of Scotland






CIA - World Factbook

BBC - Country Profiles

Last updated September 2020
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