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The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland is made up of four countries; England, Wales, Scotland and Northern Ireland. Landenweb has chosen to deal with each individual country.

England Castlerigg Stone CirclePhoto:public domain

The earliest evidence of human presence in Britain comes from the Clactonian. Artifacts such as hand axes from the Early and Middle Palaeolithic have only been found in the south of England. Northern habitation tracks have been lost through several ice ages. Read more about the History of England

Red Lady of Paviland WalesFoto:Ethan Doyle White at Engish Wijipedia https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0/deed.en no changes made

Today's Welsh territory was inhabited as early as 250,000 years ago, probably by Neanderthals. The following ice ages left these people again, but in the warmer intermediate ages, small groups of hunters, fishermen and collectors lived again and again. The oldest traces of human habitation date from about 28,000 years ago (the grave of the "Red lady of Paviland"). Read more about the History of Wales

Megalithic Tomb IrelandPhoto:Ronan Delaney Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 4.0 International no changes made

Small groups of hunters settled in Ireland about 6,000 BC. on the north and east coast. Flint weapons and tools have been found of these people. In the late Stone Age (from 3000 BC) other peoples invaded Ireland from the Mediterranean and the Atlantic coast. They practiced agriculture, kept animals and erected many megalithic tombs. Read more about the History of Northern Ireland

Knapp of Howar, a house from 3500 B.CFoto:unknown Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 3.0 Unported no changes mad

Approx. 8500 BC, after the last ice age, people must have lived in Scotland. Given the archaeological finds that have been made, they probably came from Spain or France. For example, a burial chamber was found in the Orkney Islands that closely resembled finds in the Iberian Peninsula. Stone axes indicate the arrival of trading Irish. Read more about the History of Scotland

Sources

www.landenweb.com/england

www.landenweb.com/northern-ireland

www.landenweb.com/scotland

www.landenweb.com/wales

CIA - World Factbook

BBC - Country Profiles

Last updated September 2020
Copyright: Team Landenweb