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The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland is made up of four countries; England, Wales, Scotland and Northern Ireland. Landenweb has chosen to deal with each individual country.

Foggy Fields in Yorkshire EnglandPhoto:Andy Beecroft Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 2.0 Generic no changes made

England has a very maritime climate because of its location in the middle of the North Atlantic Gulf Stream and especially because of the strong prevailing southwestern winds, which almost always supply moist sea air. The low annual temperature is also characteristic and in South East England is only 13 °C. The winters are generally mild and the summers cool, with relatively high humidity in both periods. Very low temperatures can only occur when the eastern winds supply air from the European mainland in winter. Read more about the Climate of England

Threatening clouds over the Cambrian Mountains WalesPhoto:Roger Kidd Attribution-ShareAlike 2.0 Generic (CC BY-SA 2.0) no changes made

Wales has a moderate maritime climate, strongly influenced by the prevailing westerly winds and the warm Gulf Stream. This makes the weather very changeable and sun and rain can alternate several times in a day. Read more about the Climate of Wales

After rain comes sunshine Northern IrelandPhoto:Giuseppe Milo Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported no changes made

The weather can be very changeable in Northern Ireland. Rain, fog and sun sometimes alternate at lightning speed. Most precipitation falls in the west, approx. 2030 mm; in the east and southeast, annual falls are between 760 and 1010 mm. Spring is normally the driest period, the summer and winter periods are the wettest. It hardly ever snows and when it snows it is never in large quantities. Read more about the Climate of Northern Ireland

Rain over Beinn Eich, Luss Hills, ScotlandPhoto:Michal Klajban Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 4.0 International no changes made

Due to the direction in which the Scottish mountains lie, the climate, in addition to the strong southwestern winds, is strongly influenced by the Atlantic Ocean. In winter, this ensures relatively mild temperatures in the lower parts. It gets colder in winter on the high plains, in the mountains and on the northern coasts. Read more about the Climate of Scotland

Sources

www.landenweb.com/england

www.landenweb.com/northern-ireland

www.landenweb.com/scotland

www.landenweb.com/wales

CIA - World Factbook

BBC - Country Profiles

Last updated September 2020
Copyright: Team Landenweb