Cities in SCOTLAND

Popular destinations UNITED KINGDOM

Since 1901 (4,472,000 inhabitants; currently (2017) approximately 5.3 million), the population of Scotland has increased only moderately. This slight increase in population was caused by a departure surplus; it is estimated that more than 20 million Scots and descendants of them live all over the world.

Scotland is one of the least populated areas in Europe with about 65 inhabitants per km2. Most of the population (approx. 80%) lives in the central lowland ("Central Belt"), in the industrial triangle of Dundee, Edinburgh, Glasgow. The rest of the country, apart from the northeast, is sparsely populated. The four largest cities are: Glasgow (600,000 inhabitants), Edinburgh (500,000), Dundee (141,000) and Aberdeen (211,000). The Southern Lowlands have about a quarter of a million inhabitants, the Highlands and Islands about one million.

Highland games ScotlandPhoto:Jon Sullivan in the public domain

From an ethnic point of view, Scotland is a melting pot of peoples, which in successive waves hit the British Isles between 1000 BC. and 1100 AD. flooded. Characteristics of the Norwegian race predominate on Shetland, Orkney and some islands of the Hebrides; in the Highlands of the Celtic and in the Lowlands of the Anglo-Saxon race. The peoples of which the Scots are composed include, first of all, the Picts, then Celts, Scoti, Angels and Saxons, Vikings and Normans.
Furthermore, only tens of thousands of ethnic minorities live in Scotland, mainly Indians, Pakistanis and Chinese, but also Irish, Italians, Jews and Poles.

Sources

Berkien, G. / Schotland
Kosmos-Z&K

Berkien, G. / Schotland
ANWB

Larrimore, D. / Schotland
Kosmos-Z&K

Levy, P. / Scotland
Marshall Cavendish

Patitz, A. / Schotland
Van Reemst

Schaff, B. / Schotland
Kok Lyra

Schotland
Cambium

Schotland
Lannoo

Schotland
Michelin Reisuitgaven

Schotland
Van Reemst

Smallman, T. / Scotland
Lonely Planet

Stoks, F.T. / Schotland
Gottmer

Summers, G. / Schotland
Van Reemst

Tschirner, S. / Schotland
ANWB

Wamel, D. van / Schotland en Noord-Engeland
Babylon-De Geus

CIA - World Factbook

BBC - Country Profiles

Last updated September 2020
Copyright: Team Landenweb