Geography and Landscape


Saudi Arabia is located in the Middle East. To the west it borders the Red Sea and the Gulf of Aqaba. Jordan is its neighbour to the north along with Iraq and Kuwait. To the east Saudi Arabia borders the Persian Gulf, Qatar, the United Arab Emirates and Oman. In the south it borders Yemen. The surface area of Saudi Arabia is 2.2 million square kilometres.

Saudi Arabia Satellite PhotoSaudi Arabia Satellite PhotoPhoto: Public Domain


Saudi Arabia consists of a plateau that gradually slopes towards the east. The west of this plateau consists of mountains. The highest point is in the Jabal al-Abhã with an altitude of 3133 m. Further to the west, the mountains run into the coastal plain. Along the Red Sea it is very fertile. Inland, the north and south consist of a large sand and stone desert. South of the rocky central highlands, the Great Arabian Desert begins. Between its steep edges are fertile valleys.

The An-Nafûd Desert covers an area of about 60,000 km2, making it the largest in Saudi Arabia. The wadis, dry riverbeds, are characteristic of the inland landscape.

Nadjd Plateau, Saudi ArabiaNadjd Plateau, Saudi ArabiaPhoto: Baptiste Marcel in the public domain


Elmar Landeninformatie

CIA - World Factbook

BBC - Country Profiles

Last updated April 2022
Copyright: Team Landenweb