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Geography and Landscape


Prince Edward Island is the smallest province in Canada, covering an area of 5657 km2. Prince Edward Island measures approximately 200 kilometres from east to west; its width varies from 6 to 65 kilometres. The island lies in the St. Lawrence Gulf and is only connected to the mainland by a bridge, the Confederation Bridge (13 km long). It is the longest unbroken arch bridge across the sea in the world. Prince Edward Island has only been an island for about 500 years, when rising sea levels created Northumberland Strait.

Prince Edward Island Satellite PhotoPrince Edward Island Satellite PhotoPhoto: Public Domain


Diagonally across the island are the Bonshaw Hills, which are about 120 metres high. The highest point is 147 metres above sea level. Due to the ferruginous soil, the ground is rusty brown.

Prince Edward Island National Park is the smallest national park in Canada and lies along the coastline of the St. Lawrence Gulf.

Coastal landscape Prince Edward IslandCoastal landscape Prince Edward IslandPhoto: Vic Brincat CC BY 2.0 no changes made

The park covers 40 km2 with rugged dunes that constantly change position due to the stormy winds, as well as saltwater marshes, rocks and extensive beaches. Prince Edward Island also has vast agricultural areas.


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CIA - World Factbook

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Last updated April 2022
Copyright: Team Landenweb