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POLAND
Climate and Weather

Cities in POLAND

Krakow Lodz Warsaw

The Polish climate is alternately influenced by Atlantic, oceanic and Asian continental air masses. The climate is therefore a transition from a moderate maritime climate in the north and west of the country to a dry continental climate in the south and east. West winds prevail against the east winds, but in general the weather is characterized by rapid changes, especially in winter and in the mountains.
The Atlantic influence is decreasing to the east, resulting in more precipitation in the west than in the east.
The precipitation in the Carpathians and the Sudetes is more than 800 mm per year; on the plateaus and lakes 600 to 800 mm per year and in Central Poland 450 mm. In the months of September and October, the so-called “golden autumn”, it is already getting colder and the chance of rain increases, but the number of sunny days is still quite high. November and December are characterized by a lot of fog and rain. In the capital Warsaw, January is the driest and July the wettest.

Winters last from about mid-December to April and are very severe with a lot of snowfall due to the easterly winds in the east and south. Rivers and lakes are largely frozen in those regions. In the mountains, the temperature does not rise above freezing point for about 130 days a year. Central Warsaw has a three-month period with average temperatures below freezing.
In the long, warm summer period, the temperature easily rises above 25°C;in winter, the mercury drops well below 0°C. The lowest temperature ever recorded in the low mountain ranges:-42°C;the highest in Lower Silesia (40.2°C). Average July temperature ranges from 17°C in the Baltic to 20°C in the southeast;the average January temperature varies regionally from-1°C to-6°C.

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Sources

Dydynski, K. / Poland
Lonely Planet

Hus, M. / Polen
ANWB media,

Wijnands, S. / Polen
Gottmer,

CIA - World Factbook

BBC - Country Profiles

Last updated September 2021
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