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PHILIPPINES
Language

Cities in PHILIPPINES

Manila

Philippines Language MapPhoto:Public domain

Tagalog was declared the national language in 1946. In order not to offend the other population groups too much, the name of the official language was changed to "Pilipino" in 1959 and the vocabulary of some regions was added. From 1973, the Tagalog-based national language was renamed again: "Filipino". Since 1978, Filipino has been compulsory in schools and more than half of the population speaks this language.

English is used as an official second language, especially by the government, in education and as a trade language.

Spanish is only used by a small elite group. A local dialect, Chavacano, laced with Spanish expressions, is only spoken by the inhabitants of Zamboanga on the island of Mindanao.

There are also about 80 indigenous languages and dialects in the Philippines. The original Tagalog and Cebuano are spoken by about a quarter of the population. Other indigenous languages are: Ilocano, Ilongo or Hiligaynon, Bicol and Waray-waray.

Glossary Filipino (Tagalog) and Cebuano and Spanish variant commonly used:

EnglishFilipinoCebuanoSpaanse variant
oneisáusauno
twodalawáduhados
threetatlótulotres
tensampúnapulodiyes
hundredisáng daánusa kagatossiyento
sundaylinggodominggo
wednesdaymiyerkolesmiyerkoles
fridaybiyernesbiyernesviernes
yesterdaykahápongahapon
tomorrowbúkasugma
sunarawadlaw
rainulanulan
yesoo
nohindídili
pleasepakipalihug
hellomagandáng tanghalimaayong adlaw
good eveningmagandáng gabimaayong gabii
airplaneeroplanoayroplano
how much does this cost?Magkano ito?Pila man ni?
I'm from...ako ay taga...ako taga...
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Sources

Filippijnen
Het Spectrum

Philippines
Lonely Planet

Poppe, D. / Reishandboek Filippijnen
Elmar

Rodell, P.A. / Culture and customs of the Philippines
Greenwood Press

Wee, J. / Philippines
Chelsea House

CIA - World Factbook

BBC - Country Profiles

Last updated April 2021
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