Holidays and Sightseeing

Basic information
Official languageSpanish
Area1,285,216 kmĀ²
Population32,881,485  (2019)
Currencysol  (PEN)

Cities in PERU


Peru is an interesting country especially for nature lovers. Special attractions include the Andes Mountains, Lake Titicaca and the Colca Canyon.

Peru is of course also known for its important legacy of ancient cultures. One of the biggest tourist attractions is Cuzco, the old capital of the Inca Empire. The ruins of Machu Pichu are the most visited.

Machu Pichu, lost city of the Inca's
Photo: Esteban Garay H CC Attribution-Share Alike 4.0 International no changes made

The mysterious Nazca Lines in the Southern Desert are also very popular. The spectacular find of the tomb of "El Señor de Sipan" in northern Peru opened up a new attraction for tourism.

Lines of Nazca culture in Peru
Photo: Peter van der Sluijs CC Attribution-Share Alike 3.0 Unported no changes made

The Peruvian government is expecting more than one million visitors per year in the not too distant future. The biggest stumbling block to reaching this number quickly is Peru's inadequate hotel infrastructure.

Lima has many beautiful archaeological sites, popular traditions, numerous museums, art galleries, festivals and an attractive nightlife. The city offers a wide variety of restaurants serving both local specialties and international dishes. The historic center of Lima, made up of the districts of Lima and Rimac, has the characteristic architecture of the colonial era and was declared a World Heritage Site by UNESCO in 1988. Some examples of this historic colonial architecture include the Monastery of San Francisco, the Plaza Mayor, the Cathedral, the Monastery of Santo Domingo and the Palace of Torre Tagle. In addition to visiting archaeological sites, tourists take organized city tours to churches, monasteries, palaces, museums, and galleries.

Palace Torre Tagle, Lima, Peru
Photo: Capomo81 CC Attribution-Share Alike 4.0 International no changes made

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Le Grand, J.W. / Peru : mensen, politiek, economie, cultuur
Koninklijk Instituut voor de Tropen : Novib

Luft, A. / Peru

Lyle, G. / Peru
Chelsea House Publishers,


Peru, Bolivia

Rensink, E. / Peru

Te gast in Peru
Informatie Verre Reizen

CIA - World Factbook

BBC - Country Profiles

Last updated May 2021
Copyright: Team Landenweb