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Geography and Landscape


Ontario is Canada's southernmost province and its second largest with over one million km2. Ontario is bounded on the north by Hudson Bay and James Bay, on the east by Quebec, on the south by the St. Lawrence River, Lake Ontario, the US states of New York, Ohio and Michigan, Lake Erie, Lake Huron, Lake Superior, and on the west by the province of Manitoba. From east to west the greatest distance is 1690 kilometres and from east to west 1610 kilometres.

Ontariomeer SatellietfotoLake Ontario Satellite PhotoPhoto: Public domain


In the south of this province are the great lakes Lake Superior, Huron, Michigan, Erie and Ontario, which are connected by the great rivers St. Lawrence, Niagara, Ottawa and Rideau.

Lake Erie is approximately 400 kilometres long and 60 kilometres wide on average. It is the shallowest of the Great Lakes and separates Canada from the United States. Lake Superior is the westernmost of the Great Lakes and, at 82,000 km2, the largest freshwater reservoir in the world.

Ontario is home to the world's most famous waterfall, Niagara Falls, and some 250,000 large and small lakes. The Canadian Horseshoe Falls are 54 metres deep and 675 metres wide; the American Falls are 56 metres deep and 320 metres wide. Every minute, 115 million litres of water fall into the Horseshoe Falls.

Horsehoe Waterfall, Niagara Falls, OntarioHorsehoe Waterfall, Niagara Falls, OntarioPhoto: Helen Filatova CC 3.0 Unported no changes made

The uninhabited north of Ontario, Algoma land, is an area of forests, waterfalls, ravines and mountains. In the Sudbury Basin, located in the landscape of the northern Canadian Shield, is a deposit of many metals and minerals, including gold, silver, platinum, cobalt and especially nickel.

In the St. Lawrence River are the Thousand Islands, an area with more than 1,000 islands. The island of Prince Edward County has 25-metre-high dunes of fine sand; they are considered one of the most important freshwater dune areas in the world.

The Algonquin Provincial Park is the oldest and most famous park in Ontario, covering 7725 km2 of pristine nature and over 1000 lakes. Manitoulin Island lies just off the north shore of Lake Huron and is the largest island in a lake in the world, covering 2800 km2.

St. Lawrence Islands National Park lies in the river of the same name, where it forms the border with New York State. The park consists of 18 forested islands and some eighty rocky islets.

Important rivers in Ontario are the Abitibi, the Albany, the Attawapiskat, the Montreal, the Moose, the Niagara, the Ottawa, the Thames, the Trent and the Winisk.


Elmar Landeninformatie


CIA - World Factbook

BBC - Country Profiles

Last updated April 2022
Copyright: Team Landenweb