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Geography and Landscape


The total area of Nunavut, including all water areas, is 1,982,182 km2, which is more than one fifth of the area of all of Canada. On 1 April 1999, Canada's newest territory became a reality: the Inuit nation of Nunavut.

Location Nunavut in CanadaLocation Nunavut in CanadaPhoto: TUBS CC BY-SA 2.5 no changes made


Nunavut consists of many islands, some of them as large as England. In Nunavut, the magnetic pole can be found at approximately 79 degrees north latitude. At 82.5 degrees north latitude is the Alert military base, the northernmost settlement in the world.

Victoria Island is part of the Northwest Territories and part of Nunavut. There are two towns on the island: Inuit Cambridge Bay belongs to Nunavut, Holman to the Northwest Territories. Nunavut has hills to the east and north that are up to 500 metres high.

Baffin Island has an area of 500,000 km2, making it the fifth largest island on earth. More than half of the island lies above the Arctic Circle. Auyuittuq National park is the third largest national park in Canada with its 21,470 km2. It is one of the few national parks above the Arctic Circle with many mountains, valleys and fjords. On Baffin Island, there are mountains up to more than 2,500 metres in height.

On the coast near the Beaufort Sea, there is a famous series of pingos or frost heaps, which were formed by the ground being pushed up under pressure from ice underneath. The pingoes of the Mackenzie Delta, the largest of which are 40 metres high and 300 metres in diameter at the base, are among the most impressive in the entire Arctic.

At Summit Lake, enormous perpendicular walls of Mount Asgard can be seen. Mount Thor even has the highest unbroken rock face on earth.

Mount Thor, NunavutMount Thor, NunavutPhoto: Peter Morgan CC 2.0 Generic no changes made


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CIA - World Factbook

BBC - Country Profiles

Last updated April 2022
Copyright: Team Landenweb