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Geography and Landscape


Nova Scotia is one of the Maritime Provinces, a peninsula of over 55,000 km2. Part of Nova Scotia, Cape Breton, is an island, separated from the rest of the province by the Strait of Canso. The rest is connected to the mainland by the Chignecto isthmus.

Nova Scotia Satellite PhotoNova Scotia Satellite PhotoPhoto: Public domain


The province is hilly and forms the northern end of the Appalachian Mountains. The coastline is rocky with many coves and islets. Inland there are 400 lakes.

Central Nova Scotia covers the coastline along the Northumberland Strait, where there are many beaches with warm seawater. The coast of the Minas Basin has one of the highest tides in the world with a difference of 15 metres between low and high tide in some places.

Dartmouth is a city with no less than four hundred lakes and ponds within its borders. The 330-kilometre Lighthouse Route runs along bays, inlets and fjords. Kejimkujik National Park is a reserve with beaches, low tides, salt banks, green forests and lagoons. The town of Amherst overlooks the largest wetland in the world, Tantramar. Cape Breton, Nova Scotia's largest island, is one of the most impressive in Canada in terms of natural beauty. The park stretches across the entire width of the tip of the island. Between the two coasts lies a highland plateau of forests, lakes, marshes and river valleys.

Coastal Landscape Cape Breton, Nova ScotiaCoastal Landscape Cape Breton, Nova ScotiaPhoto: Tony Webster CC 2.0 Generic no changes made

Halifax is the capital and the largest city of the province, situated on a huge seaport that is ice-free all year round. Its twin town Darmouth lies on the other side of the bay; the two towns are connected by two suspension bridges.


Elmar Landeninformatie


CIA - World Factbook

BBC - Country Profiles

Last updated April 2022
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