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NORTHWEST TERRITORIES
 

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Geography and Landscape

Geography

The total area of this enormous province is 3.3 million km2. The Northwest Territories, commonly referred to as NWT, are thus ten times the size of Germany and cover more than a third of Canada's total surface area. The entire province lies above the Arctic Circle, north of the 60th parallel.

Location Northwest Territories in CanadaLocation Northwest Territories in CanadaPhoto: TUBS CC 2.5 Generic no changes made

Landscape

In the north is the unnamed highest peak of the Northwest Territories (2762 metres). Much of the Territories consists of tundra or 'barren lands' and ice fields.

Canada's longest river, the Mackenzie River, flows through the Northwest Territories at 1800 kilometres. One of the deepest lakes in the world can also be found here, namely Great Slave Lake with a depth of over 600 metres. Canada's highest waterfalls are also found in this province, with water falling from almost 90 metres into the South Nahanni River.

Both the northern geographic pole and the northern magnetic pole are located in this province. The geographical pole (Big Nail) is the place on the top of the earth where all imaginary lines meet. The magnetic pole can only be determined by compass and can vary considerably from year to year.

The Northern Lights or Aurora Borealis can be seen here in autumn and winter; colliding, electrically charged particles with atoms and molecules outside the stratosphere, cause dancing lights of all colours to appear in the sky after sunset.

Ellesmere Island National Park Reserve is an area of glaciers and mountains, but thermal oases also occur here.

The Northern Frontier region is located around Canada's northernmost city, the capital Yellowknife. There are thousands of small lakes in this region.

The most important rivers are the Mackenzie River, the Coppermine River, the Back River and the Thelon River.

Mackenzie River, Northwest TerritoriesMackenzie River, Northwest TerritoriesPhoto: David Adamec in the public domain

Sources

Elmar Landeninformatie

Wikipedia

www.landenweb.nl/canada

CIA - World Factbook

BBC - Country Profiles

Last updated April 2022
Copyright: Team Landenweb