Cities in NORTHERN IRELAND
Popular destinations UNITED KINGDOM
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Northern Ireland is part of the United Kingdom and is in transition to self-government after a period of political turmoil. In 1920, the Northern Irish Parliament or "Stormont" was established, consisting of a House of Commons and a Senate. In the same year, Northern Ireland was granted autonomy in internal affairs. At the time, the British Crown was represented by a governor. In 1972 domestic autonomy came to an end and the British Minister for Northern Ireland became the supreme authority. The Northern Ireland House of Commons was abolished in 1973 and replaced by an Assembly.
The Assembly appoints the Prime Minister, who must assemble a government of both Catholics and Protestants, as the "Executive." The Assembly and the Executive have only limited powers: important matters such as public order and justice security are the responsibility of the British Secretary of State for Northern Ireland affairs.
Eight nationalist and loyalist parties are represented in the Assembly. Left-wing Sinn Féin is the highly controversial legal wing of the illegal Irish Republican Army (IRA), which until recently sought violence and terrorist reunification with Ireland.
Northern Ireland is sending eighteen members to the British House of Commons.
Northern Ireland is referred to in various ways. The most politically neutral term is "the North". Unionists prefer to speak of "the Province". Nationalists prefer "the six counties".
Ulster was the name of one of Ireland's four ancient counties. For the current political situation see chapter history.
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The compulsory education in Northern Ireland applies to children between the ages of five and sixteen. The Department of Education governs all state-run schools. There are about 900 primary schools and about 230 secondary schools. There are also several schools for special and technical education and seventeen private schools.
Northern Ireland has several institutions for science scahepil education. The main universities are Queen's University and the University of Ulster. Queen's University from 1849 is Northern Ireland's oldest and most prestigious university with over 25,000 full-time and part-time students.
The University of Ulster opened in Coleraine in 1968.
Typically Northern Irish
IRISH REPUBLICAN ARMY or IRA
Furthermore, there are the:
Provisional IRA (PIRA): a republican secession group in the 1970s, associated with Sinn Féin, known for the bombings between 1960 and 1990
The Real IRA: split from the PIRA
Continuity IRA: split from the IRA
Official IRA: no longer existing Marxist political party
On July 28, 2005, The IRA instructed its members to put an end to the armed struggle.
Cahill, M. J. / Northern Ireland
Day, C. / North of Ireland
CIA - World Factbook
BBC - Country ProfilesLast updated July 2020
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