Plants and Animals
Plants and Animals
Cities in NORTHERN IRELAND
Popular destinations UNITED KINGDOM
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The Irish island is also called the "emerald isle" because of the many shades of green that dominate the island. Only 5% of the island is covered with forest, mostly planted coniferous wood. In a distant past, much of the island was covered with forests, but over-grazing and logging between the 16th and 18th centuries led to widespread deforestation.
In the counties and around Belfast, the following plant species typical of that region are common:
Antrim - harebel
Armagh - water razor
Belfast - gorse
Derry - saxifrage
Down - star hyacinth
Fermanagh - bullet buttercup
Tyrone - swamp rosemary
Northern Ireland has many special plant species, below is a random list:
Photo:Brett Francis Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 2.5 Generic no changes made
golden primrose, white mosquito orchid, floating water ranunculus, cloudberry, alpine scissors, mountain saxifrage, capricorn saxifrage, glue herb, chive lily, betonia, small purse herb, false milk violet, peat moss orchid, peat odor grass, forest barley, water violin, smooth hogweed, marsh lavender, marsh lavender polei mint, bluebell, dust seed, bird's nest, bee orchid, harlequin, ivy broomrape, one-sided evergreen, pill fern, lance fern, musk herb, pyramidal green, stiff ostrich, arctic sedge, centaury, scrubweed, scrubweed, scrubweed, scrubweed, scrubweed, scrubweed, scrubweed, sharp fleabane, buckthorn, pelargonium, curved triangle fern.
Very special for Northern Ireland is the screw orchid or Irish women's shoe, a rare orchid species.
Photo:Barracuda 1983 Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 3.0 Unported no changes made
Northern Ireland is rich in bats. The common pipistrelle bat is common. They are only 4.5 cm in size and weigh no more than a few grams. Other species include the little pipistrelle bat, Nathusius pipistrelle bat, Daubenton's water bat, brown long-eared bat, bearded bat and the Frill-tailed bat. The forest bat or Leisler's bat has become rare across Europe, but is still common in Northern Ireland.
Approx. 15,000 White-bellied Brent Geese fly from northeast Canada into Ireland and Northern Ireland in the fall each year to hibernate, including in the vicinity of Strangford Lough.
The hummingbird butterfly did not appear in Northern Ireland until recently because of the cold; it is typically a butterfly found only in Mediterranean countries. Due to global warming, the animal is already being spotted in Northern Ireland.
Photo:Jimmy Edmonds Attribution-ShareAlike 2.0 Generic (CC BY-SA 2.0) no changes made
The Irish hare is closely related to the Arctic hare. It is somewhat smaller than the normal brown hare and also has somewhat shorter ears and a white tail.
Northern Ireland is rich in spiders: garden spider, house spider, common stretch spider, dash spider, maternity web spider, water spider, wolf spider, red and white cell spider and house zebra spider.
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Cahill, M. J. / Northern Ireland
Chelsea House Publishers
Day, C. / North of Ireland
CIA - World Factbook
BBC - Country ProfilesLast updated March 2021
Copyright: Team Landenweb