Cities in NORTHERN IRELAND
Popular destinations UNITED KINGDOM
English is the main language in Northern Ireland. After all, most inhabitants are descendants of English and Scottish settlers who colonized Northern Ireland in previous centuries. The English spoken here has a typical local accent.
Gaelic (Irish) is still spoken here and there by the Catholic people, although the many Gaelic place names in Northern Ireland suggest otherwise.
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The Middle North English dialect shows influences from the English West Midlands and from Scotland. It clearly differs from the English spoken in Ireland, the "Hiberno-English".
There are also minor differences in pronunciation between the Catholic and the Protestant population. The best example of this is the letter "h," which Protestants pronounce as "aitch," as in British English, and Catholics as "haitch," as in Hiberno.
The Ulster Scots (also known as Scotch-Irish, Ullans or Hiberno-Scots) are descended from the Lowland Scots and are still spoken in a few places in Northern Ireland. Ulster-Scots was officially recognized as a European regional language by the European Charter for Regional and Minority Languages ??at the end of the last century.
As far as the immigrant residents in Northern Ireland are concerned, Chinese is the most widely spoken language, although the Chinese population of 8,000 people is not very large.
Cahill, M. J. / Northern Ireland
Day, C. / North of Ireland
CIA - World Factbook
BBC - Country ProfilesLast updated July 2020
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