Geography and Landscape


Nigeria is located in West Africa and borders the Gulf of Guinea on the seafront. Nigeria also borders Niger, Benin, Chad and Cameroon. The area of Nigeria is 923,768 square kilometers.

Nigeria Satellite Photo Nigeria Satellite PhotoPhoto: Public domain


Nigeria is named after the Niger River. With a length of 4200 kilometers, this river is the longest river in Africa after the Nile and the Zaire.

The coastal region of Nigeria consists of lagoons and wide estuaries. Here is a relatively fertile area, formed by the entrained silt of the Niger. The northern part of Nigeria is formed by high plains. Here is the so-called Jos plateau with an average height of 1200 meters. The Share Hill is the highest point, 1752 meters, of the Jos plateau. The landscape becomes higher towards the border with neighboring Cameroon. Here lies the Shebshi Mountains and the highest point in Nigeria namely the Dimlang which is 2042 meters high.

Zuma Rock near Suleja, Central NigeriaZuma Rock near Suleja, Central NigeriaPhoto: Jeff Attaway CC BY 2.0 no changes made


Elmar Landeninformatie

CIA - World Factbook

BBC - Country Profiles

Last updated April 2022
Copyright: Team Landenweb