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Geography and Landscape


Forested New Brunswick covers almost 75,000 km2 and is the easternmost and largest of the Atlantic maritime provinces. The province is bordered to the north by Chaleur Bay and the province of Quebec; to the east by the Gulf of St. Lawrence, the Northumberland Strait and the province of Nova Scotia; to the south by Fundy Bay; to the west by the US state of Maine.

New Brunswick Satellite PhotoNew Brunswick Satellite PhotoPhoto: Public domain


Part of the seashore has dangerous cliffs and rocky shores. The coast also consists of dunes, sandy beaches and saltwater marshes. Furthermore, the province consists of agricultural areas and a mountainous interior with impenetrable forests.

New Brunswick is surrounded by water on three sides (2400 km coastline) and has to deal with large tidal differences. The tides at Fundy Bay near Aukac are among the highest in the world with a difference between low and high tide of ten to sixteen metres. The tide line is characterised by rugged seaweed-covered cliffs, caves and steep rock formations. The action of the water has created rock formations in the shape of flower pots in Rocky Provincial Park. Twice a day, more than 100 billion tonnes of water wash in and out of the bay, the so-called 'tidal bore'.

Typical example of flower pots, New BrunswickTypical example of flower pots, New BrunswickPhoto: Share Bear / Marku1988 in het publieke domein

New Brunswick is home to Canada's oldest city, Saint John. The River Valley Scenic Drive runs along the 724-kilometre-long Saint John River. Along the route are the Grand Falls, hilly farmland, peninsulas and islands.


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CIA - World Factbook

BBC - Country Profiles

Last updated April 2022
Copyright: Team Landenweb