Geography and Landscape


Namibia is situated in south-west Africa. Namibia borders the South Atlantic Ocean and lies between Angola and South Africa. Namibia also shares borders with Botswana and Zambia. Namibia's surface area is 825,418 square kilometres.

Namibia Satellite PhotoNamibia Satellite PhotoPhoto: Public domain


Namibia consists of three landscapes. Firstly, the Namib Desert on the coast and more to the north the Brandberg Mountains with the highest peak, the Königstein (2573 m).

Secondly, inland, an elongated plateau running from north to south with peaks above two thousand metres, the Auasberge. The highest peaks of this 50 km long and only 10 km wide mountain range in Central Namibia are Moltkeblick (2484 m), Großherzog-Friedrich-Berg (2336 m), Kempinskiberg (2187 m), Kamelberg (2194 m), Stormberg (2424 m), Oorlogstein (2392 m) and Auasende (2344 m).

Finally, in the east, there is a desert area gradually descending from the plateau, the Bismarckberge, an offshoot of the Kalahari Desert.

Moltkeblick, highest mountain in NamibiaMoltkeblick, highest mountain in NamibiaPhoto: KleinPotto CC 3.0 Unported no changes made

Except along the long Atlantic coastline in the west, there is not much water in Namibia. Most rivers that flow towards the ocean run dry for part of the year and sometimes do not reach the sea. Important rivers that do flow throughout the year are the Kunene, along the Angolan border, and the Orange River, which forms the border with South Africa. A tributary of the Orange River, the Nossob, is the most important river in the country.


Elmar Landeninformatie

CIA - World Factbook

BBC - Country Profiles

Last updated April 2022
Copyright: Team Landenweb