Cities in MEXICO

The official language in Mexico is Spanish and this language is also spoken by more and more Indians. Yet there are still about seven million people who do not or hardly speak Spanish, let alone write. Due to its population size, Mexico is the largest Spanish-speaking country in the world.

Many words are taken from the many indigenous languages. Some Native American words entered English through Spanish, e.g . chocolate, tomato...

Within the Indian languages, 59 language groups are distinguished, of which Náhuatl has the greatest distribution.

The most important language families are Uto-Aztec (including Náhuatl), Oto-Manque, Zoque-Mixe-Totonak (including Zapotec), Mayan Quiché and Tarascan. Uto-Aztec also includes the languages ??spoken of Comanches, Pima, Shoshones, and other tribes from western North America.

The Aztecs used pictograms to communicate through writing. Some images symbolized ideas and thoughts, and others were used to indicate the tone of individual syllables.

The name Mexico comes from the Aztecs: literally means "mexi'co", "in the navel of the agave", a common fruit in Mexico.

Since 1994, after the first uprising in Chiapas, bilingual education has been given to Indian children.

Mayan hieroglyphs have only been deciphered for a few years and have been found on stone stelae, buildings or e.g. on fig bark.


Daling, T. / Mexico : mensen, politiek, economie, cultuur, milieu
Koninklijk Instituut voor de Tropen / Novib

Dunlop, F. / Mexico
Van Reemst,


Rokebrand, R. / Mexico

Rummel, J. / Mexico
Chelsea House Publishers

Wagenvoort, E. / Reishandboek Mexico

CIA - World Factbook

BBC - Country Profiles

Last updated November 2020
Copyright: Team Landenweb