Geography and Landscape


Martinique is an island in the Caribbean Sea, the southernmost island of the French Antilles and part of the Lesser Antilles. The island is 80 kilometres long and 25 kilometres wide and covers an area of 1360 square kilometres. Martinique is located approximately 700 kilometres south-east of the Dominican Republic. It lies south of Dominica and north of Saint Lucia, and belongs to the Windward Islands. Its total area is 1,102 km².

Martinique Satellite PhotoMartinique Satellite PhotoPhoto: Public domain


The landscape of the island is volcanic in nature and is enriched with waterfalls and hot springs. In the north of the island is the dormant stratovolcano Mont Pelée (1397 metres).

Mount Pelée, highest mountain in MartiniqueMount Pelée, highest mountain in MartiniquePhoto: unknown in the public domain

The southern part of the island is also hilly, but lower than the north. The centre of Martinique is flat and consists of a drained swamp. The east of the island borders the Atlantic Ocean. This coastline is rocky. In the west is the Caribbean Sea. Here are fine sandy beaches.


Elmar Landeninformatie

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Last updated April 2022
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