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Geography and Landscape


Manitoba is 650,000 km2 in area, making it the eighth largest province in Canada.

Manitoba is the most central prairie province and lies between Saskatchewan and Ontario. Manitoba borders the Nunavut Territory to the north, Hudson Bay to the northeast and the US states of Minnesota and North Dakota to the south. Its greatest length is 1224 kilometres and its greatest width 793 kilometres. The highest point is Baldy Mountain (831 metres).

Map of Manitoba with main citiesMap of Manitoba with main citiesPhoto: Kmusser CC BY-SA 3.0 no changes made


Manitoba's landscape is a transition between the prairies of Saskatchewan and the rolling hills and forests of Ontario. Southern Manitoba has mainly flat prairie land with large rivers like the Red River and the Assiniboine. Other important rivers are the Churchill River, the Hayes River, the Nelson River, the Saskatchewan River and the Winnipeg River. On the border with the American state of North Dakota is the International Peace Garden, where the geographical centre of the North American continent is located. Further north are forests and about 10,000 lakes with sandy beaches. In total, about half of Manitoba's surface is forested with mostly pine, aspen, silver birch and fir trees. The Hudson Bay Lowland around the Hudson Bay is a flat and almost treeless tundra area where only moss, grass and lichens grow. Around the capital Winnipeg is an extensive agricultural area.

Lake Winnipeg is a huge 350-kilometre-long lake that connects southern Manitoba to Hudson Bay via the Nelson River. The northern half of the lake is surrounded by wilderness and along the southern half are scattered long white sandy beaches.

Sunset over Lake WinnipegSunset over Lake WinnipegPhoto: Non-dropframe CC 3.0 Unported no changes made

Near the town of Churchill is Canada's northernmost deep-water port at the mouth of the Churchill River and Hudson Bay, which was discovered by Henry Hudson in 1610. From September to April, the Northern Lights or Aurora Borealis can be seen here.


Elmar Landeninformatie


CIA - World Factbook

BBC - Country Profiles

Last updated April 2022
Copyright: Team Landenweb