Plants and Animals

Cities in MALTA


Plants and Weather


Ancient olive trees in MaltaPhoto:PolluxWorld Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 4.0 International no changes made

Forests do not occur in Malta (see: location and landscape). The trees that still exist on the island have been planted by humans. Some species that occur are olive trees, cypresses, laurel trees and almond trees. Date palms are also found but have a hard time due to soil and climate.

Maltese CentauriePhoto:Jeffrey Sciberras Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported no changes made

Furthermore, the vegetation consists of low and thorny shrubs. Especially in spring, poppies, orchids and gladioli bloom. The national plant is the Maltese centaury, which is only found in Malta and grows on the cliffs near the coast. Herbs such as thyme, basil, oregano and mint are also common.


Maltese LionPhoto:Ninostar Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 3.0 Unported no changes made

Due to deforestation, drought and especially hunting, the numbers of native animals have been greatly reduced. Mammals that occur include rabbits, weasels, bats and hedgehogs. The Maltese lion is famous, a small white long-haired dog breed that was already depicted on Greek vases from the oldheid.

Lark MaltaPhoto:Daniel Pettersson Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 2.5 Sweden no changes made

The most common native birds are the sparrow, the finch, the lark, the jackdaw, and the thrush. The peregrine falcon and the barn owl are extinct. The hunt for native species and especially migratory birds is disastrous for the birds. Protests from the Netherlands and abroad have so far yielded little.

Maltese Wall LizardPhoto:Pan narrans Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 3.0 Unported no changes made

Malta has different types of lizards. The Maltese wall lizard is only found on the Maltese islands. There are three types of non-venomous snakes as well as the chameleon that was imported from Africa in the 19th century. Fish found in the caverns and caves along the coastline include the groupers, sea bream and grunt. Special sea inhabitants are the squid, octopus, scorpionfish and the stingray.

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Boulton, S. / Malta

Cutajar, D. / Malta en Gozo
Publications Ltd.

Encarta Encyclopedie

Leeuwen, G. van / Malta

Strijbos, E. / Malta en Gozo

CIA - World Factbook

BBC - Country Profiles Minbuza

Last updated September 2021
Copyright: Team Landenweb