Geography and Landscape

Basic information
Official languageMaltees, Engels
Area316 kmĀ²
Population433,095  (2019)
Currencyeuro  (EUR)

Cities in MALTA


Geography and Landscape


Malta is an archipelago in the Mediterranean Sea and consists of the islands of Malta, Gozo, Comino and the uninhabited islands of Cominotto and Filfla. It is located approximately 94 km south of Sicily and 290 km north of Tunisia.

Satellite image MaltaPhoto:Public domain


Malta is generally hilly, fairly flat in the east and somewhat higher in the west. Malta's highest point, Ta 'Dmejrek, is 253 meters above sea level. There are no mountains, lakes and rivers and the island looks rocky and barren, especially in summer. Only in the months of March to May does the island look a bit greener and friendlier because of the rain that falls. The coast of Malta is rocky with a sandy bay here and there. In the east there are large bays that form excellent natural harbors.

Ta 'Dmejrek, Malta's highest pointPhoto:ERWEH CC BY-SA 3.0 no changes made

In a distant past, Malta was covered with forests, but these have been cut down in ancient times for firewood, shipbuilding and arable farming. After the forest disappeared, erosion hit quickly and resulted in the current landscape. Gozo looks greener and more hilly. The soil here is more fertile than on Malta due to the clay layer lying on the surface. It retains the water and thus forms good agricultural land. The island of Comino has a dry and barren landscape.

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Boulton, S. / Malta

Cutajar, D. / Malta en Gozo
Publications Ltd.

Encarta Encyclopedie

Leeuwen, G. van / Malta

Strijbos, E. / Malta en Gozo

CIA - World Factbook

BBC - Country Profiles Minbuza

Last updated September 2021
Copyright: Team Landenweb