Cities in MALAYSIA

Kuala lumpur

Geography and Landscape


The Federation of Malaysia is a country in south-eastern Malaysia. It consists of two separate parts separated by the South China Sea: West Malaysia or Malacca, which borders Thailand to the north and includes Singapore to the south, and East Malaysia, the northernmost part of the island of Borneo, which borders Indonesia to the south and includes Brunei to the north. The western part covers about 40% of the country's surface, but no less than 85% of the population live there.

Malaysia Satellite photoMalaysia Satellite photoPhoto: Public domain

Malaysia lies between the first and seventh degrees of north latitude and has an area of about 330,433 square kilometres.


The East Malaysian states of Sabah and Serawak have longer rivers and higher mountains than the peninsula. The Rejang River in Serawak and the Kinabatangan in Sabah are both 563 kilometres long. The interior of East Malaysia is very mountainous and the highest peak is in the Crocker Massif in Sabah. This is the Gunung Kinabalu, with 4101 metres the highest mountain in Malaysia and the highest peak between New Guinea and the Himalayas.

Gunung Kinabulu, highest mountain in MalaysiaGunung Kinabulu, highest mountain in MalaysiaPhoto: BluËSky BlÜe CC BY 2.0 no changes made

Most of the coastal plains and the rolling hills along the west coast are covered with rubber trees and oil palms from the large plantations. Malaysia today is the world's largest rubber producer. The east coast is less developed than the west. It seems as if time has stood still in certain places. White sandy beaches, fringed by casuarina trees with here and there a small fishing village between the palm trees. Off the coast, you will find islands surrounded by coral reefs and covered by a dense tropical rainforest, with high mountain peaks rising above it.


Elmar Landeninformatie

CIA - World Factbook

BBC - Country Profiles

Last updated April 2022
Copyright: Team Landenweb