Cities in IRELAND
Cork is the second largest city in the Republic of Ireland. Cork is the capital and administrative center of County Cork. According to the 2006 census, Cork has a population of 119,418. Metropolitan Cork has approximately 380,000 inhabitants. The city is located on the banks of the River Lee. The city center is located on an island between two channels. The River Lee flows from Lough Mahon to Cork Harbor, one of the world's largest natural harbors. The city is an important Irish seaport with quays and docks along the banks of the Lee. Cork is a university city with a total student population of approximately 25,000. The city has two major educational institutions, University College Cork and Cork Institute of Technology.
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Cork's coordinates are: 51 ° 53'50 'North latitude and 8 ° 28'12' West longitude.
Cork's climate is mild with abundant rainfall and infrequently extreme temperatures. Temperatures below 0 °C or above 30 °C are rare. The average daytime temperature is 12.5 °C and the average nighttime temperature is 6.3 °C. The average rainfall per year is 1194 mm. Due to the low location of the city and favorable influence of the sea, snowfall is rare, on the other hand there is a lot of fog. There are about 200 days with some rain a year. Cork is also one of the sunniest cities in Ireland, averaging 1,387 hours of sunshine a year.
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In the 6th century, a monastery was founded on the site near the present-day city of Cork by Saint Finbarr. Since then, Cork has grown from a medieval trading city into a cosmopolitan modern city. Cork took on an urban character in the 10th century, when the Vikings founded a trading port. Cork was an important trading center at the time.
In the first half of the nineteenth century, Cork's economy plummeted. The early decades of the 20th century were heavily influenced by events of international and national importance. Ireland's economy, including the city of Cork, began to recover in the late 1980s, and economic growth accelerated particularly in the 1990s, the so-called 'Celtic Tiger' era. The transformation of the city is remarkable. New high-tech industries settled in the city and the surrounding hinterland. Some of the giants of the electronic, computer and pharmaceutical industries established factories in the area.
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Cork's major tourist attractions are its remarkable buildings from the Middle Ages to modern times. Red Abbey is the most beautiful building preserved from the Middle Ages. There are two cathedrals in the city: St. Mary's Cathedral and St. Finbarre's Cathedral. St. Mary's Cathedral is often referred to as the North Cathedral. It is the city's Roman Catholic cathedral and was built in 1808. St. Finbarre's Cathedral is the famous Protestant church. The church was built on the foundations of an earlier cathedral.
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The architecture of many Georgian-style buildings is very attractive to tourists. But also the modern buildings such as the tower of City Hall, which for some time was the tallest building in the Republic of Ireland, are striking. Later the tower was surpassed by other high-rises, The Elysian, also in Cork. The most famous building from Victorian times is the mental hospital that has been renovated and turned into a residential complex, the Atkins Hall, after the architect William Atkins. The complex is located across the river, opposite the Provincial House. Cork's most famous building and symbol of the city is Shandon's Church Tower. This dominates the North district of the city.
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Other notable places include Blackrock Castle, the Opera House and Fitzgerald's Park in the west of the city. Also popular are the grounds of University College Cork through which the River Lee flows and the English market. The origin of this covered market dates back to 1610, the current building dates from 1786.
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Cork is famous for its commitment and contribution to art and cultural life. The city has quite a few galleries and museums. In 2005 it was the cultural capital of Europe. The Crawford Municipal Art Gallery is the main art museum in the city, the museum is housed in an early 18th century building, the Customs House. The permanent collection includes over 2,000 works of art by Irish and European artists from the 18th century to the present, with a collection of Roman and Greek sculptures that were in the Vatican Museum until 1818. The Butter Museum is surprisingly interesting, and visitors get a glimpse of how this city was once the center of the Butter Exchange in the 19th century.
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Eating out in Cork is easy, there is a wide choice of chic restaurants serving international and local cuisines. You can also eat delicious pub food there and there are the inevitable fast food chains. There is literally something for everyone to suit all budgets and preferences. Cork city is a gastronomic paradise and focuses on fresh local Irish ingredients. Black pudding (drisheen) is a regional favorite, traditionally served with tripe. Crubeens (pig's foot) are also popular and come in many different cooking methods. Irish cheese is fairly new to the market and is delicious, especially with freshly baked bread.
Last updated December 2020
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