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Dortmund is located in the north of the state of North Rhine-Westphalia in the Ruhr area. According to the 2010 census, Dortmund was the 7th largest city in Germany with 580,444 inhabitants. The Ruhr flows south of the city and the small river Emscher flows through the urban area. The port of Dortmund is the largest European inland port thanks to the Dortmund-Ems canal that ends in this port and connects Dortmund to the North Sea. The territory of the municipality is rich in waterways, forests, large parks and agricultural area. There are two well-known large parks, the Westfalenpark and the Rombergpark. Dortmund is also called the "green metropolis" of Westphalia. With the decline of the steel industry in the Ruhr area, Dortmund's face is gradually changing. The economic focus is now on services and high technology.
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The coordinates of Dortmund are: 51 ° 31'0 'North latitude and 7 ° 28'0' East longitude.
Dortmund, like most of Western Europe, has a mild maritime climate, with generally warm summers and moderately cold winters. Temperatures range from 20-24 °C in summer (June to early September) and around zero or slightly above in winter (December to early March). It sometimes snows in winter, but not too often. The least precipitation falls in the spring (April / May). That is an excellent time to visit Dortmund.
The first traces of human habitation date from the Bronze Age. The city was first mentioned in official documents in the year 880. Dortmund was then known as Trutmundi. Dortmund was destroyed by fire during the reign of Frederick I Barbarossa and after its reconstruction in 1152 it became a member of the Hanseatic cities. Due to its location on the Westphalian Hellweg, Dortmund flourished and became a free (Imperial) city in 1226. In 1803 Dortmund was added to the principality of Nassau-Dillenburg, which brought an end to its time as a free imperial city. In 1815 Dortmund came under the Prussian province of Westphalia. During the industrialization of Prussia in the 19th century, the city became the main center of coal and steel production.
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Numerous churches and bell towers dominate the center of the city. The Reinoldikirche (St. Reinoldus Church) and the Marienkirche are gems of medieval architecture. Dortmund city center still has the characteristics of a medieval city. A ring has been built on the site of the old city wall and the Hellweg, a former part of the medieval trade route is still the main (car-free) street that divides the center of the city into two parts. There are a number of remarkable sights and places that you must see in Dortmund.
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There are beautiful moated castles in Dortmund. and Haus Dellwig from the 13th century was partly rebuilt in the 17th century. The facade and steep tower and two half-timbered houses are original.
The RWE Tower is a 120-meter-high skyscraper, the highest in Dortmund.
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The Ostwall Museum has an extensive collection of 20th-century art and holds special exhibitions that have earned a good reputation across Germany. The collection includes paintings, sculptures, artifacts, 20th century photographs and more than 2,500 prints from 1900 to the present day. The museum is located in a 1926 brewery building.
The city's shopping center extends along the Hellweg. There are impressive and exclusive shops there. You can buy plenty of clothing, shoes, books, media, electronics and jewelry here. Around this shopping center you will find many typical "Bierhäuser" and many large department stores such as Saturnus, Karstadt and Kaufhof.
Last updated October 2020
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