Cities in FRANCE

Mainland France had 62,814,233 inhabitants in 2017. When the overseas departments are added to this, the population amounts to 67,106,161, making France second in the European Union after Germany.

The population of France increased sharply after 1945 due to, among other things, advances in health care and the expansion of social services. Until the beginning of the 20th century, the population growth was limited and between the two world wars the population even decreased.

Population growth declined sharply from the mid-1960s, but has seen a slight increase since 1977. In 2017, the birth rate was 12.2 per 100 inhabitants and the death rate 9.3 per 1000 inhabitants. Life expectancy at birth was 85.2 years for women and 78.8 years for men in 2017.

In addition to the natural population increase, a significant part of the increase can be attributed to the immigration of foreigners (in particular Algerians, Portuguese, Italians, Spaniards, refugees from (French) Africa and Moroccans). Most immigrants (85%) live in Paris and the surrounding area, in the Rhône-Alpes region and on Corsica.

The population growth was 0.39% in 2017. Population growth varies greatly from region to region. For example, the population in Northern France traditionally grows much faster than in the South of France.

The population composition in 2017 as a percentage is as follows:

0-14 years 18.5%
15-65 years 623.4%
65+ 19.5%

France is relatively sparsely populated and even one of the least populated countries in Europe. The average population density was 114 inhabitants per km2 in 2017, but the population is very unevenly distributed. Sparsely populated areas are the Massif Central, the plateaus of the Paris Basin, Les Landes and the high mountains. Densely populated areas are the departments of Ille-de-Paris, Nord, Rhône, Val de Marne and Hauts-de-Seine. These are areas characterized by intensive agriculture, but mainly industrial and urban zones.

In 2017, 80% of the population lived in an urban environment. In 1973 this was still 73%. Many people choose to live in Paris. The formation of "metropoles d'équilibre" such as Nantes, Lille, Strasbourg, Marseille, Bordeaux, Toulouse and Lyon has attempted to restore balance in France and slow the growth of Paris.

The largest cities in France in 2017 are:

Paris 10.8 million
Lyon 1.6 million
Marseille 1.6 million
Lille 1 million
Nice 967,000

The Basque Country is mostly on the Spanish side of the Pyrenees, and only one in ten of the 500,000 people who speak Basque has French nationality. Although the Basques are culturally and ethnically linked, the Spanish and French Basques have different backgrounds. The Spanish Basque Country was rapidly industrialized and the Basques soon played an important role in the economy and politics.

Comprising the departments of Soule, Labourd and Basse Navarre, the French Basque Country was a backward area of farmers and fishermen until tourism emerged in the nineteenth century. Although almost all acts of violence by the Spanish Basques, there are sometimes demonstrations and actions in French cities.

Sources

Bailey, R. / Frankrijk
Kosmos-Z&K

France
Lonely Planet

Frankrijk
Van Reemst

CIA - World Factbook

BBC - Country Profiles

Last updated August 2020
Copyright: Team Landenweb