Cities in FRANCE
Lyon is located in the east of central France in the Rhône-Alpes region between Paris and Marseille. Lyon is approximately 470 km from Paris, 320 km from Marseille, 420 km from Strasbourg, 160 km from Geneva and 280 km from Turin. The inhabitants of the city are called Lyonnais.
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The coordinates of Lyon are: 45 ° 46'1 'N and 4 ° 50'3' E
The climate of Lyon is temperate. Due to Lyon's location, winters are colder than is normal in the south of France, with an average temperature of 3.2 °C in January. Summers are warm, with average temperatures of 21.3 °C in July. Rain falls evenly throughout the year, averaging 840 millimeters. The winter months are relatively dry. The number of hours of sunshine per year is approximately 1,932. The highest temperature measured is 40.5° C. The record low is -24 °C.
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In 43 BC a Roman colony was founded at the hill of Fourvière. The place was seen as a favorable place on the natural road from the north to the southeast of France and became the starting point of the most important Roman roads in all of Gaul.
Lyon is a city with countless historic buildings from ancient times to modern times. Roman ruins are visible on the hill near the Fourvière Basilica with the ancient theater of Fourvière and the Amphitheater of the Three Gauls.
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The most famous historical monuments of the Middle Ages and Renaissance include: The Cathedral of St. Jean, a medieval church with architectural elements from the 13th, 14th and 15th centuries, also the most important religious building in the city and the seat of the Archbishop of Lyon. The basilica of St-Martin-d'Ainay is one of the few remaining Romanesque churches in basilica style. The whole of Vieux Lyon has many buildings with Medieval and Renaissance features. The following remains of the 17th and 18th centuries: The Bartholdi Fountain, the town hall, the baroque Chapelle Saint-Pierre, the Hôtel-Dieu de Lyon (17th and 18th centuries), the historic hospital with a baroque chapel, the Temple du Change (17th and 18th century), the former stock exchange of Lyon, the Protestant temple since the 18th century, the Place Bellecour, the Chapelle de la Trinite (1622), the first Baroque chapel built in Lyon and part of the former École de la Trinite, now Collège-Lycee Ampère.
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From the 19th century and modern times are worth mentioning: the Opera National de Lyon (1831), the Basilica of Notre-Dame de Fourvière, a large 19th-century basilica on top of the hill of Fourvière, the Sainte Marie de La Tourette monastery (1960), designed by Le Corbusier, the Saint-Exupery airport and the Palais des Congrès de Lyon.
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The Musee des Beaux-Arts de Lyon (Museum of Fine Arts) is the city's main museum and one of the largest in France. The museum has a large collection of paintings by famous artists including Tintoretto, Paolo Veronese, Nicolas Poussin, Rubens, Rembrandt, Zurbaran, Canaletto, Delacroix, Monet, Gauguin, Van Gogh, Cezanne, Matisse and Picasso. There are also collections of sculptures, drawings and prints, decorative arts and Roman and Greek antiquities. It houses the second largest collection of Egyptian antiquities in France after that of the Louvre.
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The Gallo-Roman Museum has many valuable objects and works of art from Roman Lyon (Lugdunum). Other well-known museums are the Musee d'art contemporain de Lyon, Museum of Modern Art, the Musee Gadagne and the Museum of the History of Lyon located in a historic building in Vieux Lyon.
There are numerous beautiful parks and gardens in the city. Ideal places for tourists to escape the hustle and bustle of the city.
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Lyon is known as the capital of gastronomy. There are more than a dozen restaurants with one or more Michelin stars. Among other things, the French top chef Paul Bocuse has a restaurant there. However, you can also enjoy regional dishes in simple restaurants in Lyon. More exotic dishes include veal's head or fried stomach or gâteaux de foies de volailles. (Meat pies with duck or bird livers.)
Last updated October 2020
Copyright: Team Landenweb