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Le Havre is a town in the Seine-Maritime department of the Haute-Normandie region in France. Le Havre is located in northwestern France, on the right bank of the River Seine, which flows into the Channel. Le Havre is the most populous municipality in the Haute-Normandie region. According to the 2007 census, the city has 179,751 inhabitants, the metropolitan area has 291,765 inhabitants. The port is the second busiest in France (after the port of Marseille). Since 1974 it has been the seat of the Diocese of Le Havre.
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Le Havre is bounded by the coast of the Channel to the west, the mouth of the Seine to the south and the coast to the north. The river Seine used to be the natural border between Haute-Normandie and Basse-Normandie. The city was built from the harbor on the swampy coast. As a result, the city had poor connections with the hinterland. The problem was solved with the construction of new roads and the modern Pont de Normandie connecting the two banks of the River Seine.
Le Havre has a moderate maritime climate. The wind causes influences from the sea all year round. According to the meteorological station, the temperature only drops below 0 °C for 24 days a year and the temperature rises above 25 °C for 14 days a year. The average number of hours of sunshine is 1,878 hours per year. It rains all year round, but especially in autumn and winter. Thunderstorms can occur in the summer months of June and July. The predominant wind blows from the southwest. Storms occur in winter, particularly in January.
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Geschiedenis Le Havre
The name Le Havre means the port. Le Havre was established as a new port, in part to replace the historic ports of Harfleur and Honfleur.
The city was founded in 1517 by the French king Francois I and the place was called Franciscopolis. Later the name was changed from Le Havre-de-Grâce to the chapel of Notre-Dame-de-Grâce. The place developed into a city and in the course of the 19th century became an industrial center.
At the end of the Second World War, Le Havre was destroyed in the Battle of Normandy.
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After the war, the center of Le Havre was rebuilt in a modernist style to a design by the architect Auguste Perret and declared a UNESCO World Heritage Site on July 15, 2005. Le Havre is an exceptional example of the architecture and urban planning of the post-war period.
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Major public buildings designed by Perret himself include the Hotel de Ville (town hall), Bourse du Commerce (stock exchange) and the churches of Saint Michel and Saint Joseph. Le Havre Cathedral is built over the original church from 1536. The cathedral is the seat of the Bishop of Le Havre. During the reconstruction of the city center, 7.7 square kilometers of green spaces were created with parks and gardens and bushes.
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The Malraux Museum houses one of the most important collections of Impressionist paintings in France. There are works by Renoir, Pissaro, Signac, Marquet, Renoir, Sisley, Monet, Guillaumin and Degas, among others.
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When in Le Havre, go to Mont Sant Michel. This is a peninsula 1 km from the coast. This island used to be accessible only at low tide, but can now always be visited due to the construction of an elevated road. Mont Saint Michel consists of stepped streets and is only accessible to pedestrians.
Speaking of pedestrians, the center of le Havre is also largely car-free and therefore a pedestrian area.
Last updated November 2020
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