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Bordeaux is a port city on the River Garonne in southwestern France, close to the Atlantic Ocean. According to the 2008 census, 250,082 people live in Bordeaux. The metropolis has a population of 1.01 million and is the sixth largest metropolitan area in France. Bordeaux is the capital of the Aquitaine region. The inhabitants are called Bordelais. The majority of the population is French, but there are large groups of Italians, Spaniards, Portuguese, Turks, Germans and North Africans.
Bordeaux is world famous for its large wine production. Vinexpo, the largest wine fair in the world, is held there every year. The renowned Bordeaux wines, known as the best in the world, have been produced in this area since the 8th century. The profit of the wine industry amounts to 14.5 billion euros per year. Economically, Bordeaux is one of the most dynamic cities in France. Even ocean liners can reach Bordeaux via the Garonne River.
The coordinates are 44° 50'19 North latitude and 0° 34'42 'West longitude.
Bordeaux is close to the European Atlantic coast, in the southwest of France and in the north of the Aquitaine region. Paris is about 500 km away. Bordeaux is set on flat land and is built on the banks of the Garonne River. It is also the largest French city in terms of land area and one of the largest geographically in Europe. The Garonne mixes a dozen kilometers from the city with another river, the Dordogne River, together they form the Gironde. The city center is located west and south of the Garonne.
The city and the whole area have an oceanic climate, but the summers are usually warmer and the winters milder than in most comparable areas. Summers are warm and long due to the influence of the warm sea currents in the Bay of Biscay with temperatures up to 22 °C. In summer there is also a lot of precipitation.
West winds from the Atlantic Ocean dampen the weather in winter. The average winter temperature is 6.5 °C, but the last winters have been a lot warmer. The average summer temperature is 19.5 °C, but it has been warmer since 2001.
The remains found in a famous cave known as Pair-non-Pair, north of Bordeaux, prove that the area was inhabited by Neanderthals some 30,000 to 20,000 years ago.
About 60 BC the city fell under Roman rule. Later it became the capital of Roman Aquitaine, trade flourished in the 3rd century. At the end of the same century, the city was sacked by the Vandals, in the 4th century by Visigoths and the Franks in the 5th century. It was a period of decline.
During the Second World War, when Paris fell into German hands, the French government moved from Paris to Bordeaux. The French capital was soon moved back to Vichy. After the war, many urban development projects were carried out in the city, the best known of which are Bordeaux-lac and Mériadeck.
Bordeaux is classified as "City of Art and History". Bordeaux is a historic city with many tourist attractions. There are beautiful neighborhoods to see, a must for visitors.
Photo:Olivier Aumage Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 2.0 France no changes made
In Bordeaux it is best to walk in the historic center of the city, it is one large pedestrian area. You can cross the river and visit the other side with a small ferry. You can also use efficient tram lines where you can make an unlimited number of rides within an hour.
Photo:Ardfern Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 3.0 Unported no changes made
You can also walk along Sainte-Catherine street in the pedestrian center and enjoy the scenery. The part of the city around Gambetta square is called "Little Paris". Visit the lush public gardens, north of Gambetta square, where you can relax and have a picnic. Entrance to the gardens is free.
photo:Colin Creative Commons Attribution 2.0 Generic
A visit to Bordeaux is of course not complete without taking a trip to one of the many vineyards in the area. If you are short on time, you can also visit one of the many wine museums in the city. Of course there are also many places where you can taste and possibly buy Bordeaux wines, but make sure it is affordable. Furthermore, Bordeaux is also very well developed in the culinary field.
Last updated November 2020
Copyright: Team Landenweb