Geography and Landscape


Fiji is an archipelago in Oceania in the central part of the South Pacific Ocean. Fiji is situated in the transition area from Melanesia to Polynesia.

It is surrounded by the island states of Tuvalu, Wallis & Futuna, Tonga (to the north and east) and New Caledonia and Vanuatu (to the west). Right below Fiji is New Zealand. The 18,376 square kilometre archipelago consists of two large islands (Viti Levu, 10,499 square kilometres, and Vanua Levu, 5,556 square kilometres), surrounded by 318 small islands, half of which are inhabited, and hundreds of reefs and rocks unsuitable for habitation. Far to the north is the lonely island of Rotuma. The total land and water area is about 1,290,000 square kilometres.

Fiji Satellite PhotoFiji Satellite PhotoPhoto: Public domain


The large islands are of volcanic origin, the small ones consist of coral reefs, fossilised remains of crustaceans that have attached themselves to the rim of flooded volcanoes. The islands are very mountainous. The highest peak on Viti Levu (Great Fiji) is the plateau-surrounded Tomanivi (1324 metres); on Vanua Levu (Great Land) the peak is at 1032 metres. None of the volcanoes are active. The islands are covered with tropical forests.

North Coast Vanua Levu, FijiNorth Coast Vanua Levu, FijiPhoto: catlin.wolfard CC 3.0 Unported no changes made



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CIA - World Factbook

BBC - Country Profiles

Last updated April 2022
Copyright: Team Landenweb