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CAMPANIA
Geography and Landscape

Basic information
Official languageItalian
CapitalNaples
Area13,595 km²
Population5,826,860  (2018)
Currencyeuro  (EUR)
Web.it
Code.ITA
Tel.+39

Popular destinations ITALY

Campania

General

Campania is a region in southern Italy bordering Latium to the northwest, Molise to the north, Apulia to the northeast, Basilicata to the east and the Tyrrhenian Sea to the west. The region covers 13,595 km² and in 2004 has about 6 million inhabitants.

The name of the region is derived directly from Latin, as the Romans called the region Campania felix, which means happy land (shelf).

Campania Bay of Naples Satellite photoPhoto:Public domain

The regional capital is Naples (Napoli). Administratively, the Campania region is divided into five provinces: Naples, Avellino, Benevento, Caserta and Salerno. Three islands belong to Campania: Capri, Ischia and Procida.

Landscape

Vesuvius seen from the air, CampaniaPhoto:Pastorius Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 3.0 Unported no changes made

Scenically, Campania is divided into a coastal plain with volcanic relief - the Phlegrean Fields and Vesuvius - and the mountainous interior with peaks up to two thousand meters and small plains between the ridges. In Campania there are two bays, the Bay of Naples and that of Salerno.

Climate

Campania Amalfi Coast SunsetPhoto:Giuseppe Milo Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported no changes made

Campania, like the whole of Italy, has a Mediterranean climate. This climate type has mild rainy winters and dry and often warm summers. The average temperature in the summer on the coast is between 25°C and 30°C. The best time to visit Campania is spring or autumn. Then the sun is already shining and it is not yet too hot to do things.

Plants

Campania Holm oakPhoto:Jean-Pol GRANDMONT CCAttribution-Share Alike 3.0 Unported no changes made

The vegetation in the Mediterranean low and hill country is green in winter, blooms in April and May, and scorches in summer. The original vegetation, now almost completely gone, is an evergreen deciduous forest of holm oaks. In its place, macchia, a formation of evergreen dense and thorny shrubs and dwarf shrubs, including wild olives, oleander, laurel, myrtle, holm oak, gorse and cork oak, predominates.

Animals

Fox, CampaniaPhoto:Pawel Ryszawa Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 3.0 Unported no changes made

There are seven national parks in this region. Woodpeckers, foxes, bears, wolves, martens and lizards live here.

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Sources

Elmar Landeninformatie

Wikipedia

www.landenweb.nl/italie

CIA - World Factbook

BBC - Country Profiles

Last updated February 2021
Copyright: Team Landenweb