BOSNIA AND HERZEGOVINA
Cities in BOSNIA AND HERZEGOVINA
To satisfy every population group, Bosnia-Herzegovina has had three official languages since 1991: Bosnian, Serbian and Croatian, three variants of Serbo-Croatian, which hardly differ from one another, comparable to the differences between English and American.
Serbo-Croatian is a Slavic language and is related to Slovenian, Macedonian, Bulgarian, Polish, Czech, Slovak, Ukrainian and Belarusian. Serbian (Ekavski) and Croatian (Ijekavski) are in fact dialects of each other. The difference is that many Croatian words with a letter "j" or the sound "ij" appear in the first syllable have a Serbian equivalent, but without these letter (s).
Enlgish Serbian Croatian
river reka rijeka
milk mleko mlijeko
child dete dijete
left levo lijevo
nice lepo lijepo
president predsednik predsjednik
Germany Nemacka Njemacka
Bosnian has many Turkish words, a holdover from Turkish rule. Serbs and Croats have purified their language more in order to distinguish themselves from the others.
Serbian is often written in the Cyrillic script (Bosancica); Bosnian and Croatian in Latin.
The Cyrillic script dates back to the ninth century and was designed by two Byzantine missionaries, Saint Cyril and Saint Methodius. The Cyrillic script is based on Greek and Hebrew letters.
Common names in Bosnia and Herzegovina
Muslim girls: Azra, Saliha
Serbian girls: Nina, Radmila
Croatian girls: Silvija, Natalia
Muslim boys: Aziz, Hajrudin
Serbian Boys: Dragan, Milan
Croatian boys: Franjo, Danko
Click the menu button at the top left of the screen for more information
Campschreur, W. / Bosnië-Herzegovina : mensen, politiek, economie, cultuur, milieu
Koninklijk Instituut voor de Tropen : Novib
Gabrielpillai, M. / Bosnia and Herzegovina
Gareth Stevens Publishing
Milivojevic, J. / Bosnia and Herzegovina
Phillips, D. / Bosnia and Herzegovina
Chelsea House Publishers
CIA - World Factbook
BBC - Country Profiles
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