Cities in BELARUS

Basic information
   Official national languageBelarusian, Russian
   CapitalMinsk
   Area207,600 kmĀ²
   Population9,436,024 (2019)
   CurrencyBelarusian Ruble (BYN)
   Web | Code | Tel..by | BLR | +375

General

Belarus or Belarus (official name: Respublika Belarus) is located in Eastern Europe and is completely enclosed by other countries: in the north and east by Russia (959 km), Latvia (141 km2) and Lithuania (502 km) in the northwest, Ukraine to the south (891 km) and Poland (407 km) to the west. The area of Belarus is 207,600 km2.

Belarus Topographic MapPhoto:Public Domain

Landscape

The landscape of Belarus is generally flat with many wetlands. The average height is 162 meters.

Only 8% of the landscape is hilly and the highest point is the Jarzhinskaya at 346 meters. From the Polish border in the southwest to the Russian border in the northeast, the Belaruskya Grada ("Belarusian Ridge"), named after the head of the Russian security service under Stalin, Feliks Dzjarzhinskaya, runs. River valleys cut through this ridge in a number of high plains.

The landscape also has many primeval forests, fields, swamps, lakes and large rivers such as the Dnieper (700 km through Belarus), Dvina and Pripyat. Smaller rivers are the Berezina and the Bug. In total Belarus has about 20,800 rivers and streams with a total length of about 90,100 km.

Landscape BelarusPhoto:Alex Zelenko Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 4.0 Internationalno changes made

The lowland has many lakes and ponds, approx. 10,800, of which Lake Narach (79.6 km2) and Osveyskoye Lake (52 km2) are the largest.

The Pripet swamp area in southern Belarus was once the largest swamp area in Europe. Vast areas, however, have been drained and made suitable for agriculture.

Sources

Belarus
Lerner Publications Company

Belarus and Moldova : country studies
Federal Research Division, Library of Congress

Holtbrügge, D. / Weissrussland
Verlag C.H. Beck

Levy, P. / Belarus
Marshall Cavendish

Oost-Europa
The Reader’s Digest

Russia & Belarus
Lonely Planet

CIA - World Factbook

BBC - Country Profiles

Last updated December 2020
Copyright: Team Landenweb