Geography and Landscape

Basic information
Official languageEnglish
Area13,880 kmĀ²
Population402,545  (2019)
CurrencyBahamian dollar  (BSD)


The 700 islands that make up the Bahamas are the northernmost islands in the Caribbean Sea. The islands all have palm beaches. Thirty islands are inhabited. The Bahamas cover some 13,940 km2. The archipelago is located east of Florida and northeast of Cuba.

Bahamas Satellite photoPhoto:public domain

The islands are quite flat, but rocky. The highest point is on Cat Island, The Alvernia protrudes 62 meters above sea level. There are also about 2500 mini islands (cay's). The largest island is Andros about 180 kilometers south-east of Florida. The Bimini Islands are northwest of it. To the north is Grand Bahama with the second largest city of Freeport. Great Abaco is east of that. The second largest island of Great Inagua is located in the South. Other islands are also Eleuthera, Cat, San Salvador, Acklins, Crooked and Mayaguana.

Bahamas LandscapePhoto: Ton Engwirda, Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 3.0 Netherlands (no changes made)


Bahamas Imminent StormPhoto:public domain

The islands have a tropical maritime climate, which means that it is warm, but not too hot. The sun shines an average of 320 days a year, reaching an average of seven to nine hours of sunshine a day. Yet it is not only sunny. Every now and then there is a rain shower. Most rain falls between May and October. The minimum temperature is fifteen degrees in winter. In summer it is rarely warmer than forty degrees. This is due to the cool wind coming from the sea.

Hurricanes are less common than in the Caribbean islands, except in recent years, as in the United States. The hurricane season is from June to November. One speaks of a hurricane at wind speeds of more than 120 kilometers per hour (Category I hurricanes). Wind speeds can reach a devastating 250 kilometers per hour (Category V hurricanes).


Bahama's Pine Treesno changes Photo:Caleb Spiegel/USFWS Creative Commons Attribution 2.0 Generic

The rocky bottom of the archipelago means that the flower and plant population is not very extensive. Still, there are 1370 trees and plant species found in the Bahamas. 121 of these are native and do not exist anywhere else. Examples of this are the Bahamian mahogany and the Bahamian pine. Pine trees are the most common trees in the north and west of the Bahamas, supplemented by scrub and palms. Mahogany trees were also common here, nowadays this species is somewhat more rare.Animals

Hutia photo:Yomangani in the public domain

The Bahamas has thirteen native animal species that are threatened with extinction. Twelve of these animals are bat species. The other, most special, species that only occurs in the Bahamas is the hutia, related to the guinea pig. The animal is the size of a cat. This rodent is also threatened with extinction. Furthermore, the Bahamas is home to many wildlife such as donkeys and horses. Many fish species live in the sea, including the dolphin.

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Elmar Landeninformatie

Macculla, P.E. / Bahamas

Baker, C.P. / Bahamas

CIA - World Factbook

BBC - Country Profiles

Last updated March 2021
Copyright: Team Landenweb