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Approx. three-quarters of Australians are Christians, although church attendance is declining sharply. At present, 26% are Roman Catholic, 26.1% belong to the Anglican Church and 10% belong to Methodism and Presbyterianism; 3% were Greek Orthodox, 1.3% Baptists, 1.3% Lutherans. In 1977, congregationalists and methodists united in the Uniting Church.

In particular, the Greek and Slavic Orthodox communities are very much anchored in Australian society. The Jewish religion is the oldest of the non-Christian religions. The first synagogue was built in Sydney in 1844, and today synagogues are mainly found in the capitals of the states. After the Second World War, the number of Jews expanded considerably.

Islam was introduced in the 19th century by Afghan camel drivers. At the moment we find large Muslim communities, especially in the big cities, of Turkish, Lebanese and Indonesian immigrants in particular. Australia now has about 25 mosques. There are also small communities of Hindus, Sikhs and Buddhists.

The constitution guarantees complete religious freedom. More than one million Australians say they do not adhere to any religion.

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Blutstein, H. / Insider's guide Australië
Kümmerley & Frey

Dolce, L. / Australia
Chelsea House Publishers

Elder, B. / Australië
Van Reemst

Ivory, M. / Australië
Van Reemst

Jansen van Galen, B. / Reishandboek Australië

Viedebantt, K. / Australië
Van Reemst

CIA - World Factbook

BBC - Country Profiles

Last updated April 2021
Copyright: Team Landenweb