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English Language CardPhoto:Kobolen Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 3.0 Unported no changes made

The official language of Australia is, of course, English. The traditional Aboriginal communities speak their own language per group and often also master several other Aboriginal languages. They often speak little English, unlike the aborigines in the cities and rural communities.

Australian English has a very special accent, but also has words that do not occur in English or American. Australian English is called "strine" and can be traced back to the first mainly Irish prisoners in Australia. The nasal Strine is not a dialect but rather a kind of vernacular, laced with bargos and funny expressions. It is a language without grammar, written as it is pronounced. The strine is spoken across the country without many variations, and the idiom hardly differs from region to region. There is a difference between the language used in the city and in the countryside, which often have to do with the social class or the occasion where people meet.

Australia Traffic SignPhoto:public domain

The Australian vocabulary also contains many words of Aboriginal origin, as well as neologisms that indicate certain Australian phenomena. There are also many words that have a different meaning in Australia than in English and many words are abbreviated.

Some examples of strine words and expressions:

Beaut - beautiful

Bloke - man

Chook - chicken

Garbo - garbage collector

G'day - good morning, good afternoon

Mozzie - mosquito

Stingers - jellyfish

Tea - dinner

Uni University

Yakka - work

Joey - kangaroo pup

Postie - postman

Pseudo positioner

Yack - talk

Uni University

Stickeybeak - busybody

Roo - kangaroo

Sidekick - companion

Tube - can of beer

Telly - television

Abo - aboriginal

Barbie - barbecue

Bloody - curse, the Australian stop word

Oz - Australia

Mate – vriend, kennis

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Blutstein, H. / Insider's guide Australië
Kümmerley & Frey

Dolce, L. / Australia
Chelsea House Publishers

Elder, B. / Australië
Van Reemst

Ivory, M. / Australië
Van Reemst

Jansen van Galen, B. / Reishandboek Australië

Viedebantt, K. / Australië
Van Reemst

CIA - World Factbook

BBC - Country Profiles

Last updated April 2021
Copyright: Team Landenweb