Adelaide is the capital of the Australian state of South Australia and is the fifth largest city in Australia. Adelaide was founded in 1836 and is known as "The City of Churches". An estimated 1.3 million people live in Adelaide, the population density is 615 inhabitants per square kilometer. Apart from a major commercial center, Adelaide is also the seat of many government and financial institutions. Most institutions are downtown along the cultural boulevard of North Terrace, King William Street. Numerous festivals, parties and sporting events draw people from all over Australia. Adelaide is known for its good food restaurants. The long beach offers opportunities for people who like an active holiday. In terms of quality of life, Adelaide is included in the Top 10 most livable cities. In 2011, Adelaide was declared the most livable city in Australia.
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Adelaide is a coastal city on the eastern bank of the Gulf of Saint Vincent. Adelaide is located on the Adelaide Plains north of the Fleurieu Peninsula, between the Gulf of Fleurieu and the low-lying Lofty mountain range. Adelaide lies at 34° 55 south latitude and 138° 36 east longitude. The city has a total area of 870 square kilometers and is located at an average elevation of 50 meters above sea level.
Adelaide's weather resembles that of the Mediterranean with warm and wet winters and hot summers. Adelaide is the driest Australian city and has a lack of rain. During the summer months there is too little rainfall. It rains more often in winter. June is the wettest month of the year with an average amount of precipitation of 80 mm. Hail is also common in winter. Snow is rare, sometimes snow falls on Mount Lofty and in some places in the hills around Adelaide.
Aboriginal people from the Kaurna tribe were the first settlers in the Adelaide area. South Australia officially became a new British province on December 28, 1836, near The Old Gum Tree, in present-day Glenelg North. This day is now commemorated as the day of the proclamation in South Australia. The city was named Adelaide in memory of Queen Adelaide, the wife of King William IV.
The revival of wheat production in the 1870s and 1880s accelerated the construction of urban housing and infrastructure in the young city. Gas powered street lighting was introduced in 1867 and the University of Adelaide opened in 1874. In the 1890s Australia and Adelaide suffered a period of financial and agricultural decline.
Photo:State Library of SA in the public domain
World War I and World War II brought a new wave of prosperity because the war industry provided an economic injection. Thousands of migrants from Europe arrived after World War II, you can still see this rich ethnic tradition in Adelaide today. The café culture that Europeans brought with them has the relaxed atmosphere that the city has enhanced.
Adelaide was the site of a number of groundbreaking political reforms in the 1960s and 1970s. Racial discrimination, sexual inequality and the death penalty were all banned and Aboriginal land rights recognized. This mindset of freedom and equality has given Adelaide a special reputation among Australian cities as a place where everyone is welcome.
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Adelaide is known as the city of churches, visitors to the city find this a great attraction. One of the oldest churches is the Holy Trinity Church in North Terrace, known as the Pioneer Church of South Australia. The church bell in the tower was made by the clockmaker of King Edward IV.
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The city of Adelaide is very green, surrounded by a belt of parks and gardens. The Botanical Garden is the center of this. The garden is 16 hectares, you will find the Victorian Palm House and the Bicentennial Conservatory. There are calm lakes and beautiful landscapes with many shady trees. The botanical garden is a great place to relax.
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The South Australian Museum has many different sections, so you can take a look at Sir Douglas Mawson's Antartica, there are artifacts from Aboriginals, an ancient Egypt department, and an extensive collection of fossils, including some of the world's oldest fossils.
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The Art Gallery of South Australia has a fine collection of 18th century Australian art. It mainly focuses on South Australian artists. But there is also an extensive collection of Aboriginal paintings from Central Australia and European art from the 15th to the 20th centuries, particularly landscape and portrait painting. The highlight of the museum's Asian collection is the collection of ceramics from Southeast Asia, which is one of the finest in the world. Admission to the museum is free.
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Exhibitions on the social history, experiences and cultural traditions of the immigrants are collected and presented in the migration museum. This is of interest to all residents who have emigrated to Australia. It is housed in beautifully restored buildings that once housed the very poorest. An old chapel has been converted into a cafe.
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The Adelaide Zoo is very interesting with a rich collection of Australian birds and an aviary you can walk through. There are also animals from all over the world, including endangered species such as the Giant Panda. You can enjoy an innovative representation of an Asian rainforest.
You can take a historic tram to Glenelg on the coast. The tram stops right next to a beautiful beach. Glenleg was once home to the wealthy people of Adelaide. You see beautiful large houses from that time. You can also view the Old Gum Tree in Glenelg.
Click the menu button at the top left of the screen for more informationLast updated March 2021
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