Cities in INDIA

Popular destinations INDIA

Basic information
   Official national languageHindi, English
   CapitalNew Delhi
   Area3.287.263 kmĀ²
   Population1.366.737.463 (May 2019)
   CurrencyIndian rupee (INR)
   Web | Code | Tel..in | IND | +91

The tourism industry in India is not vital economically. It is India's fourth-largest source of export earnings, and more than nine million people find employment in this sector.

Approximately 3 million foreigners visit India every year. That in itself is not that much, because that number is even lower than the number of Indians who travel abroad annually. Negative points are the serious shortage of hotel accommodation, foreigners' fear of infectious diseases and the political tensions with Pakistan.

Jaipur India
Photo:Sidharth jha Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 4.0 International no changes made

The most famous landmark of Idia is the Taj Mahal. This monument is located near the city of Agra. Emperor Shahjahan had this beautiful monument built out of love for his deceased wife. Shahjahan planned to have an exact copy built next to the white mausoleum as the final resting place for himself, but of black marble. But after the emperor's death in 1666, he was buried next to Mumtaz Mahal in the white tomb. Other attractions include the red fort near Delhi and the city of Jaipur which is nicknamed Pink City because the old center is made of pink sandstone.

Bangalore Bull Temple
Photo:Marc Smith Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 2.0 Generic no changes made

Bangalore officially Bengaluru is the capital of the Indian state of Karnataka. The city is also known as the Garden City because of its beautiful parks and gardens. Tipu Sultan's Summer Palace was built in 1791. This nice two-storey, beautifully decorated wooden building, with carved columns, arches and balconies near the market. Today it is a museum that contains artifacts of art from the Hyder-Tipu period. Located near Mekhri Square and the station, Bangalore Palace (1862) was built as a smaller replica of Windsor Castle in England. Mayo Hall was designed in memory of Lord Mayo and is considered one of the finest designs of British architecture in Bangalore. The Bull Temple dates from the time of Kempe Gowda I and is reminiscent of the 16th century Dravidian style in architecture. It has a huge granite monolith from Nandi. The Basavangudi Shri Nimishamba Devi temple is built in the traditional Parashurama Kshetra architectural style and is a unique temple in Bangalore. The temple was built by the worshipers of Shri Nimishamba Devi. The ISKCON temple (International Society for Krishna Consciousness) is a harmonious and graceful building. The Krishna temple is a mix of modern technology and spiritual harmony and it occupies an area of ??seven hectares. It is a mix of traditional and modern architecture. Read more on the Bangalore page of Landenweb.

Mumbai
Photo:Avinash Anand Creative Commons Attribution 2.0 Generic no changes made

Mumbai, formerly Bombay, is the capital of the Indian state of Maharashtra. Mumbai is built on an archipelago of seven islands. The islands have been inhabited for over 2,000 years. Between the second century BC and the ninth century AD, the islands came under the control of successive indigenous dynasties. The islands were included in the independent Sultanate of Gujarat, which was established in 1407. Numerous mosques were built during the sultanate era. The city's architecture is a mix of Neo-Gothic style, Indo-Saracen art, Art Deco, and varied contemporary styles. Most of the buildings date from the British period, such as Victoria Terminus and Bombay University. These buildings were built in neo-gothic style. Bombay's architecture includes many European influences. Art Deco monuments can be found along Marine Drive. Mumbai has the second largest number of Art Deco buildings in the world after Miami. In the newer suburbs, modern buildings dominate the landscape. Mumbai has by far the largest number of skyscrapers in India. The Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus and the Elephanta Caves are listed as World Heritage. Read more on the Mumbai page of landenweb.

Sources

Boon, H. / India : mensen, politiek, economie, cultuur
Koninklijk Instituut voor de Tropen/Novib

Caldwell, J.C. / India
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Dunlop, F. / India
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Srinivasan, T. / India
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Te gast in India
Informatie Verre reizen

CIA - World Factbook

BBC - Country Profiles

Last updated June 2020
Copyright: Team Landenweb